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Dendrobium Soft and Hard Canes

DENDROBIUMS - SOFT CANES

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Dendrobium Golden Blossom Rosy Tips. These plants generally have longer canes than the hard cane variety. The flowers are larger and have a softer appearance than the hard cane flowers.

Dendrobiums - soft canes, like good light at all times but they should not be kept in full sun. They enjoy a bright light position during the winter months, but no water, as they need this dry period to assist in flower growth.

WATERING REQUIREMENTS

Many of the soft cane dendrobiums are from climates which have cool winters with air on the dry side, and monsoon type downpours in summer. Watering needs to reflect this pattern.
During summer - Late spring through summer, plants will enjoy a feed every second or third watering.
During winter - no water, no feed from late May to mid September.

FEEDING REQUIREMENTS

During summer - Late spring through summer, plants will enjoy a feed every second or third watering.
During winter - feeding requirements are NIL. Plants do not get watered over winter and therefore will not be fed over winter due to the plants being in a non growth period. Watering at this time will see the plant produce kiekies rather than flowers.
We feed weekly during late spring to summer, using a majority of organic (horse, cow, sheep manure) and supplements with inorganic (Aquasol, Seasol, Orchid mix, Miracle Gro) fertilisers every third to fourth feed. We then drop this to fortnightly or every three weeks, heading in autumn, and then not at all over the winter months.
It is important to water in between feeding to flush through any build up of fertilisers which if it remains in the pots can cause damage to the root system.

OUR POTTING MIX

For our orchids in pots, we have experimented with several different media mixes. Our current mix is Debco Medium pine bark. A layer of aggregate, or heavier grade pine bark in the base of the pot, assists with weight to avoid being knock over or blown over in the wind, and enhances drainage.
Large (cyathea) fern pots also have this mix incorporated into the top of them to assist in new root growth and to stabilise the plant whilst establishing. We do not have any soft cane dendrobiums in cyathea (rough tree fern).

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All native species have been legally salvaged.

DENDROBIUMS - HARD CANES

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Dendrobium - Dendrobium Hilda poxen.
This plant has a mass of flowers per spike, and has 19 canes.
Quite stunning when in flower.

Cool to intermediate growing temperature for these orchids is in the range 12C to 28C. There are of course dendrobiums which grow in the hotter climates. We do not attempt to grow these, as we keep only the cool to intermediate climate growers. These orchids vary in size from a few centimetres high to over a metre high, and flowers size can range from one centimetre to nearly 10 centimetres. Some are deciduous which will drop their leaves by winter.

LIGHT REQUIREMENTS

Dendrobiums like to have good light at all times but not direct sunlight. A bright position in winter will assist with the hardening of the current year's canes. Our dendrobiums are kept under shade cloth or a solid roofed area. We have dendrobiums in pots and also mounted on fern and cork.

WATERING REQUIREMENTS

In our nursery, the watering requirements vary as to whether these plants are in pots or attached to hanging mounts. Hanging mounts are more exposed and therefore dry out faster than those in pots.
Hanging mounts - We mist these daily throughout the year, increasing to three maybe five times a day during the hottest months.
Pots - These are watered daily during the hot months then reducing to twice weekly and then weekly during the winter months. Plants in pots will also be misted during the hottest days to reduce evaporation, and keep the overall temperature down.

FEEDING REQUIREMENTS

During summer - Late spring through summer, plants will enjoy a feed every second or third watering.
During winter - feeding requirements are minimal, due to the plants being in a non or slow growth period.
We feed weekly during late spring to summer, using a majority of organic (horse, cow, sheep manure) and suppliments with inorganic (Aquasol, Seasol, Orchid mix, Miracle Gro) fertilisers every third to fourth feed. We then drop this to fortnightly or every three weeks, heading in autumn, and then down to once a month over the winter months. It is important to water in between feeding to flush through any build up of fertilisers which if it remains in the pots can cause damage to the root system.

OUR POTTING MIX

For our orchids in pots, we have experimented with several different media mixes. Our current mix is Debco Medium pine bark. A layer of aggregate, or heavier grade pine bark in the base of the pot, assists with weight to avoid being knock over or blown over in the wind, and enhances drainage. Large (cyathea) fern pots also have this mix incorporated into the top of them to assist in new root growth and to stabilise the plant whilst establishing.

              

All native species have been legally salvaged.